Author Topic: Computer related Abbreviation  (Read 2546 times)


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Computer related Abbreviation
« on: February 14, 2013, 08:46:43 AM »
AC alternating current

ACL access control list

ACPI advanced configuration and power interface

ACT activity

ADSL asymmetrical digital subscriber line

AGP accelerated graphics port

AMD advanced micro devices

APIPA automatic private internet protocol addressing

APM advanced power management

ARP address resolution protocol

ASR automated system recovery

AT advanced technology

ATA advanced technology attachment

ATAPI advanced technology attachment packet interface

ATM asynchronous transfer mode

ATX advanced technology extended

BIOS basic input/output system

BNC Bayonet-Neill-Concelman or British Naval Connector

BTX balanced technology extended

CD compact disc

CD-ROM compact disc-read-only memory

CD-RW compact disc-rewritable

CDFS compact disc file system

CFS Central File System, Common File System, Command File System

CMOS complementary metal-oxide semiconductor

COMx communication port (x=port number)

CPU central processing unit

CRT cathode-ray tube

DAC discretionary access control

DB-25 serial communications D-shell connector, 25 pins

DB-9 9 pin D shell connector

DC direct current

DDOS distributed denial of service

DDR double data-rate

DDR RAM double data-rate random access memory

DDR SDRAM double data-rate synchronous dynamic random access memory

DFS distributed file system

DHCP dynamic host configuration protocol

DIMM dual inline memory module

DIN Deutsche Industrie Norm

DIP dual inline package

DLT digital linear tape

DLP digital light processing

DMA direct memory access

DMZ demilitarized zone

DNS domain name service or domain name server

DOS denial of service

DPMS display power management signaling

DRAM dynamic random access memory

DSL digital subscriber line

DVD digital video disc or digital versatile disc

DVD-RAM digital video disc-random access memory

DVD-ROM digital video disc-read only memory

DVD-R digital video disc-recordable

DVD-RW digital video disc-rewritable

DVI digital visual interface

ECC error correction code

ECP extended capabilities port

EEPROM electrically erasable programmable read-only memory

EFS encrypting file system

EIDE enhanced integrated drive electronics

EMI electromagnetic interference

EMP electromagnetic pulse

EPROM erasable programmable read-only memory

EPP enhanced parallel port

ERD emergency repair disk

ESD electrostatic discharge

EVGA extended video graphics adapter/array

EVDO evolution data optimized or evolution data only

FAT file allocation table

FAT12 12-bit file allocation table

FAT16 16-bit file allocation table

FAT32 32-bit file allocation table

FDD floppy disk drive

Fn Function (referring to the function key on a laptop)

FPM fast page-mode

FRU field replaceable unit

FSB Front Side Bus

FTP file transfer protocol

FQDN fully qualified domain name

Gb gigabit

GB gigabyte

GDI graphics device interface

GHz gigahertz

GUI graphical user interface

GPS global positioning system

GSM global system for mobile communications

HAL hardware abstraction layer

HCL hardware compatibility list

HDD hard disk drive

HDMi high definition media interface

HPFS high performance file system

HTML hypertext markup language

HTTP hypertext transfer protocol

HTTPS hypertext transfer protocol over secure sockets layer

I/O input/output

ICMP internet control message protocol

ICR intelligent character recognition

IDE integrated drive electronics

IDS Intrusion Detection System

IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

IIS Internet Information Services

IMAP internet mail access protocol

IP internet protocol

IPCONFIG internet protocol configuration

IPP internet printing protocol

IPSEC internet protocol security

IPX internetwork packet exchange

IPX/SPX internetwork packet exchange/sequenced packet exchange

IR infrared

IrDA Infrared Data Association

IRQ interrupt request

ISA industry standard architecture

ISDN integrated services digital network

ISO Industry Standards Organization

ISP internet service provider

JBOD just a bunch of disks

Kb kilobit

KB Kilobyte or knowledge base

LAN local area network

LBA logical block addressing

LC Lucent connector

LCD liquid crystal display

LDAP lightweight directory access protocol

LED light emitting diode

Li-on lithium-ion

LPD/LPR line printer daemon / line printer remote

LPT line printer terminal

LPT1 line printer terminal 1

LVD low voltage differential

MAC media access control / mandatory access control

MAPI messaging application programming interface

MAU media access unit, media attachment unit

Mb megabit

MB megabyte

MBR master boot record

MBSA Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer

MFD multi-function device

MFP multi-function product

MHz megahertz

MicroDIMM micro dual inline memory module

MIDI musical instrument digital interface

MIME multipurpose internet mail extension

MLI multiple link interface

MMC Microsoft management console

MMX multimedia extensions

MP3 Moving Picture Experts Group Layer 3 Audio

MP4 Moving Picture Experts Group Layer 4

MPEG Moving Picture Experts Group

MSCONFIG Microsoft configuration

MSDS material safety data sheet

MUI multilingual user interface

NAC network access control

NAS network-attached storage

NAT network address translation

NetBIOS networked basic input/output system

NetBEUI networked basic input/output system extended user interface

NFS network file system

NIC network interface card

NiCd nickel cadmium

NiMH nickel metal hydride

NLX new low-profile extended

NNTP network news transfer protocol

NTFS new technology file system

NTLDR new technology loader

NTP Network Time Protocol

OCR optical character recognition

OEM original equipment manufacturer

OS operating system

PAN personal area network

PATA parallel advanced technology attachment

PC personal computer

PCI peripheral component interconnect

PCIe peripheral component interconnect express

PCIX peripheral component interconnect extended

PCL printer control language

PCMCIA Personal Computer Memory Card International Association

PDA personal digital assistant

PGA pin grid array

PGA2 pin grid array 2

PIN personal identification number

PKI public key infrastructure

PnP plug and play

POP3 post office protocol 3

POST power-on self test

POTS plain old telephone service

PPP point-to-point protocol

PPTP point-to-point tunneling protocol

PRI primary rate interface

PROM programmable read-only memory

PS/2 personal system/2 connector

PSTN public switched telephone network

PSU power supply unit

PVC permanent virtual circuit

PXE preboot execution environment

QoS quality of service

RAID redundant array of independent (or inexpensive) discs

RAM random access memory

RAS remote access service

RDRAM RAMBUSŪ dynamic random access memory

RDP Remote Desktop Protocol

RF radio frequency

RFI radio frequency interference

RGB red green blue

RIMM RAMBUSŪ inline memory module

RIP routing information protocol

RIS remote installation service

RISC reduced instruction set computer

RJ registered jack

RJ-11 registered jack function 11

RJ-45 registered jack function 45

RMA returned materials authorization

ROM read only memory

RS-232 or RS-232C recommended standard 232

RTC real-time clock

SAN storage area network

SATA serial advanced technology attachment

SC subscription channel

SCP secure copy protection

SCSI small computer system interface

SCSI ID small computer system interface identifier

SD card secure digital card

SDRAM synchronous dynamic random access memory

SEC single edge connector

SFC system file checker

SGRAM synchronous graphics random access memory

SIMM single inline memory module

SLI scalable link interface or system level integration or scanline interleave mode

S.M.A.R.T. self-monitoring, analysis, and reporting technology

SMB server message block or small to midsize business

SMTP simple mail transport protocol

SNMP simple network management protocol

SoDIMM small outline dual inline memory module

SOHO small office/home office

SP service pack

SP1 service pack 1

SP2 service pack 2

SP3 service pack 3

SP4 service pack 4

SPDIF Sony-Philips digital interface format

SPGA staggered pin grid array

SPX sequenced package exchange

SRAM static random access memory

SSH secure shell

SSID service set identifier

SSL secure sockets layer

ST straight tip

STP shielded twisted pair

SVGA super video graphics array

SXGA super extended graphics array

TB terabyte

TCP transmission control protocol

TCP/IP transmission control protocol/internet protocol

TDR time domain reflectometer

TFTP trivial file transfer protocol

TPM trusted platform module

UAC user account control

UART universal asynchronous receiver transmitter

UDF user defined functions or universal disk format or universal data format

UDMA ultra direct memory access

UDP user datagram protocol

UNC universal naming convention

UPS uninterruptible power supply

URL uniform resource locator

USB universal serial bus

USMT user state migration tool

UTP unshielded twisted pair

UXGA ultra extended graphics array

VESA Video Electronics Standards Association

VFAT virtual file allocation table

VGA video graphics array

VoIP voice over internet protocol

VPN virtual private network

VRAM video random access memory

WAN wide area network

WAP wireless application protocol

WEP wired equivalent privacy

WIFI wireless fidelity

WINS windows internet name service

WLAN wireless local area network

WPA wireless protected access

WUXGA wide ultra extended graphics array

XGA extended graphics array

ZIF zero-insertion-force

ZIP zigzag inline package
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